Everything Belongs to the Brave: The Show Notes

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First things first. Before we get into our sources, listen to a pro musician playing a modern reconstruction of an ancient carnyx:

And here are some images of ancient carnyxes. Check out all the cool animal heads!


Here’s a picture of the Gundestrup Cauldron!

Gundestrup Cauldron

And here are close-ups of some of the panels:

We’re pretty sure this is Cernunos. Note the antlers!
Elephants and hyenas!
We have no idea who this is.
That panel with the giant dunking warriors into a cauldron. Check out the carnyxes to the right!

Here’s a pic of the Vix cauldron:

Vix cauldron in all its glory

And here’s one of the Snettisham Torque.

Snettisham Torque

OK! On to our sources. The modern sources we used include:

The Ancient Celts by Barry Cunliffe

The Celts: Search for a Civilization by Alice Roberts

Europe Before Rome: A Site-By-Site Tour of the Stone, Bronze and Iron Ages by Douglas T. Price

Here’s a lot of info on that archaeological site at Ribemont-sur-Ancre, including a very spooky reconstruction of what it might have looked like. Click around!

Some articles we found useful include:

The Head Hunters by Chris Rudd

Humans as Ritual Victims in the Later Prehistory of Western Europe by Miranda Green

La Tene Style: Definition, Art & Artifacts

La Tene Celtic Culture

The Lives of Ancient Celtic Women by Heather Payne Savino

A Greek Treasure in France by Paul Lewis

The History Blog: A Complete Original Carnyx

The Wikipedia version of The Tale of Mac Da Thó’s Pig from the Ulster Cycle.

Our ancient sources include:

Pliny the Elder’s Natural History (John Bostock and H.T. Riley translation)

Posidonius of Rhodes (I. G. Kidd translation)

Cassius Dio’s Roman History (Earnest Cary translation)

Livy’s History of Rome (Rev. Canon Roberts translation)

Diodorus’ Library of History (Charles Henry Oldfather translation)

Ammianus Marcellinus’ Roman History (J.C. Rolfe translation)

Caesar’s Commentaries (W.A. MacDevitt translation)

Polybius’ Histories (William Roger Paton translation)

Frontinus’ Strategems (Charles E. Bennett translation)

Plutarch’s On the Bravery of Women (Loeb Classical Library edition)



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